The practice of mountain biking involves the conjunction of a series of activities: cycling, mountaineering, orienteering, etc., which give it a special appeal. It is in this heterogeneity and in the adventurous character that his practice has, in what lies his success.
Another of the peculiarities of mountain biking (the name BTT is the one we will use to designate mountain bikes) is the demand by its practitioners of a series of knowledge that exceed the purely sporting aspects. Due to the harsh technical conditions in which this sport is practiced, it is essential to have some basic concepts in such diverse areas as mechanics, cartography or first aid.
Mountain biking is a safe and healthy sport, but both aspects are based on a responsible and intelligent attitude on the part of the cyclist.
The origin of MTBs is not as recent as its current appearance does not seem to indicate, nor is it exclusively originated, as it happens in many other things, in the United States. With some rigor, it can be said that the history of all-terrain bikes is as extensive as the history of the bike itself. It is not necessary to forget that before the generalized use of the car the bicycle was one of the few vehicles with which the great public counted to realize its daily displacements. At the beginning of the century, the state of roads, streets and roads was absolutely disastrous and bicycles, within the technical limitations of the time, fulfilled the role of the current BTT.
The differences in MTBs with respect to other types of bicycles are appreciable, and not only in the structure and geometry of the frame (lower and longer the mountain), but also in the materials used for its construction, and of course in the Components that make the frame turn into a bicycle.
The materials used in mountain are basically the same as those used for road bikes. Only the alloys, the diameters and the thicknesses of the tubes that make up the painting vary.
The International Association of Mountain Biking establishes a series of norms so that our impact on the environment is the least possible; the idea is to create a safe environment for all lovers of this sport.
All those who practice the sport of mountain biking should know and apply the following rules:
- Rides only on permitted roads: Follow the established path. Respect private property and prohibitions. Find out in the Town Councils, about the limitations that exist for the free passage through the area.
- Do not leave traces of your step: Try not to leave a mark, controlling the braking and avoiding the skidding. The skid produces an unnecessary erosion of the terrain. Do not throw garbage.
- Control your bike: Adapt your speed to road conditions and visibility. The control will allow you to avoid accidents and skidding.
- Always give way to other users: The basis of coexistence between cyclists and pedestrians lies in giving way. Warn you of your arrival in time and slow down to stop you if necessary.
- Never frighten animals: You are in their midst, and may not be accustomed to your presence. Be respectful and do not make noise unnecessarily. Re-close the gates you cross
- Plan your departure: Especially in case of high mountain, you must be self-sufficient at all times, and know your level (physical and technical), equipment, and bicycle (keep it in good condition), choosing the route based on it all.
- Always use the helmet: Always use it for your safety and that of those who accompany you.
- Do not use headphones: Enjoy the sounds of nature and warn of possible dangers.
I hope this article encourages you to practice a wonderful sport that besides improving our physical state, will also allow you to meet other people who like us enjoy contact with nature.