It is very easy to hit with a strange movement, a distraction, a fall … and with the blow appear bruises and traumas. The blood coagulates and the lymphatic vessels are affected. Which we perceive as a bruise or bruise and an inflammation. What we will have to do is to improve the passage of blood and fluid in the surrounding tissues. In these cases:
In this post I will talk about small bruises, that is, injuries that are produced by a blow on the soft tissues but do not cause any injuries.
The edema usually appears within a few hours after the contusion:
The skin becomes soft and pale, cold, lucid and sometimes cyanotic. The blood vessels rupture and bruises appear. I recommend you read the article Swedish herbs, the bitter elixir that heals almost everything.
The area becomes inflamed:
The pain is noticeable from the first moment and usually increases with the passage of time. Then it remits a little although it is usually a constant pain. Although not much noticeable there is still muscle weakness and stiffness in the joints that make it difficult to carrying out normal activities.
The most important thing is to eliminate the fluids that accumulate in the tissues to avoid complications such as inflammation, fibrotization or even ossification. For this we can make use of certain devices, medicines and rehabilitation therapies. And above all, use them as soon as possible.
Normally there is a balance in the tissues between the fluid that leaves the blood vessels and those that absorb both the same vessels as the lymphatic system. But when we take a hit this balance is broken and there is a deceleration of the blood and lymphatic circulation, which causes the passage of proteins from the blood to the tissues. This causes the water to be retained and the area swollen.
So what should we do when we hit:
Remain at rest. At least for a day or two. If it has been given to a limb it is best to keep it up.
Use anti-inflammatory creams, sprays or gels.
Cool the area with ice (always covered with a rag to not burn the area) and leave it for 15 or 20 minutes. At most you can leave 3 hours.
Protect it with a bandage that prevents the formation of edema and facilitates the reabsorption of fluids. Choose elastic bandages and put it so that it is well secured but does not tighten.
If the blow has been on a foot or a hand we can submerge the area in hot water for 5 minutes and then in cold water 5 minutes more. This will make the inflammation not go any further and the liquids will be reabsorbed. And repeat it a second time (hot-cold). Cold-hot bags can also be used.
Bandage bruises and blows
But we must not forget another action more than important. To repair the damage we must initiate the stimulation of the lymphatic system to drain the liquids that have already accumulated. This is possible thanks to the use of topical tablets or creams with arnica, for example. They have a calming effect and give a feeling of relief. The aescin, the active ingredient of horse chestnut, is also useful to aid in skin permeability facilitating the absorption of liquids. Or the bromelain that is extracted from pineapples and is a very useful enzyme in the elimination of subcutaneous edemas.
Another less effective option is diuretics, which reduce the amount of fluid circulating in the body. Of course, they must always be prescribed by a doctor and they are not the most effective option because they allow the removal of fluids but leave the proteins in the tissues, and therefore, the swelling will remain there. Then it is an option whenever doctors say it but it is not the best choice to act for ourselves (and I say for those who have diuretics at home, do not use them without the doctor’s indication).
If in spite of these treatments we see that the pain is increasing or is still swollen (after 4 days) it is possible that there is an infection. In these cases it is imperative to see a doctor as soon as possible. In case the pain does not pass in two days we should also go to the doctor.
The pain usually goes away after a while. It can last up to a month but it should not increase and you should notice that it is reminiscent with the passage of days.
Color of the bruises
The bruise may also last for more than a month but should not go any further and have to go blurring. Otherwise you should go to the doctor. Remember that a hematoma can become infected and there may be a necrosis. We should not let that happen so if we see that the bruise is more, we should go to the doctor as soon as possible. I recommend you read the article Ginger: benefits and contraindications.
Very important, if you have diabetes or varicose veins you should go directly to the doctor! And if you are taking anticoagulants you should also go directly to the specialist.
In case you feel a discomfort all over your body or if you feel dizzy, you should also go to the doctor. It is very probable that there is a fracture or an internal injury.
Physiotherapists can perform various therapies that help both drain fluids and repair damaged vessels. For example, they may make use of physiotherapy, electrotherapy, vacuum therapy or vibro therapy. Although the real revolution seems to arrive in recent times from the universe of ultrasounds. In addition to exerting a mechanical massage, it has a thermal effect that decreases vascular spasms and counteracts local inflammation. That is why it is the therapy of choice on many occasions.